Legal Metrology Law in India

Legal Metrology Law in India

Date : 2021-11-10

Legal metrology in most nations refers to measures that are used to safeguard individuals from financial, health, and environmental risks. According to international practice, judicial metrology has applications in three major fields: economic transactions, measurements required for legal proceedings, and Legal Metrology.

It refers to the component of metrology that deals with weighing and measuring units, methods of weighing and measuring instruments in connection to the technical and legal requirements that must be satisfied in order to ensure public safety from the standpoint of weighing and measuring security and precision.

India’s Legal Metrology Administrative Methodology:

The Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution's Department of Consumer Affairs is in charge of formulating policies for price monitoring, availability of essential commodities, consumer movement in the country, and oversight of statutory bodies such as the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) and Weights and Measures. The Department of Consumer Affairs' Weights and Measures Unit is the central authority for dealing with the issue, and it is responsible for all matters that fall under the scope of the federal government. In addition, it is responsible for directing, coordinating, and supervising the state's enforcement efforts. 

Overview of the Legal Metrology Act, 2009

  • This act called the Legal Metrology Act 2009.
  • It extends to the whole of India.
  • It came into effect on the date specified by the Central Government in the official Gazette.
  • The purpose of this act is to create and enforce weights and measures standards, control trade and commerce in weights, measures, and other items sold or distributed by weight, measure, or number, and for matters connected with or incidental thereto.

Important terms:

Labelling- Any written, marked, stamped, printed, or graphic matter affixed to or appearing on any pre-packaged commodity is referred to as a label.

Case Law: Pk Vaidyars Vaidhya Ratna Prabha Vaidyasala Pvt Ltd & others vs The State of Kerala & another.

When the label does not contain the customer care number or the telephone number for enabling the customer to prefer such complaints, if any it is violation of Rule 6(2).

Basic Features:

  • Weights and measures that are used in transactions or for protection are regulated.
  • Acceptance of a weighting or measuring model;
  • Verification of the prescribed weight or measure by a government-approved test center;
  • Qualifications for legal metrology officers appointed by the Central or State Governments.
  • The regulation of weights and measures, as well as other items intended for export, is exempted; 

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