Every weight and measurement instrument in India has to be as per the Indian legal Metrology Standards, in compliance with which, section 22 of the Legal Metrology Act, 2009 do prescribe for a model approval of each weight and measurement item before the commencement of its sale.
The power of model approval is vested only with the central government vide its department of Legal metrology under the aegis of the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution having its office only in Delhi.
The model approval of imported goods can be done in two ways:-
  1. Model Approval through Testing:- Under this way of model approval, the model will be tested by the government laboratory operated as prescribed by the Director, Legal Metrology Department, Central Government, in Delhi.  The importer will be required to pay the prescribed model approval fee.
The model shall be kept under testing for a prescribed period and once the test is completed the testing report shall be directly sent to the director and if the testing report meets with the legal metrology standards established under the act, then the director shall grant the model approval certificate.
The testing shall be mandatorily carried in Regional reference Standard Laboratory (RRSL’s), currently 8 labs in India set up by the government. Private Laboratories are not authorised/recognised for the purposes of testing of models under the Legal metrology Laws.
  1. Model Approval based on existing approval from laboratory outside India:- Proviso 2 of the Sec23 provides that the prescribed authority may if he is satisfied that the model of any weight or measure which has been approved in a country outside India conforms to the standards established by or under this Act, approve such model without any test or after such test as he may deem fit. Practically, getting the model approval on the basis of the existing approval from laboratory outside India

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